The Plant

Records indicate that humans may have been using cannabis in some way, shape or form, since as far back as 10,000 B.C.E.! The first cannabis plants were wild species, growing in the Hindu Kush region of what is now known as Afghanistan and Pakistan. Many experts speculate that likely cannabis spread across trade routes along the early Silk Road as travellers migrated from Kush and China to Russia, Africa, South America, the Caribbean and North America. These first cultivars are known as landrace strains.

Anatomy

Discover the cannabis plant.

Fan leaves are symmetrical and generally made up of five or seven leaflets. The commonly recognizable cannabis leaves help to distinguish between Indica and Sativa plants. Indica plants exhibit darker, broad leaves, whereas Sativa leaves are long, slender and light green. Hybrid plants are a blend of the two.

The cola is a flowering portion of the female cannabis plant. Buds or nuggs are common terms that refer to the cannabis flowers that emerge from bud sites at the top of the plant and throughout the stems.

To the untrained eye, cannabis buds look like a knotty tangle of leaves. Calyxes are tiny clusters that constitute a cannabis bud. Leaves will grow between and around them as the plant matures. Look closely underneath the small leaves (called sugar leaves), and you’ll discover tear-shaped nodules, which contain high concentrations of trichomes.

Pistils are the “hairs” found on cannabis buds. Pistils help cultivators identify female plants, and they serve to collect pollen from males. As the plant matures, pistils will transition in colour from white to orange, red and brown.

Trichomes refer to the sticky, resinous coating that covers all quality cannabis buds. During the flowering stage, translucent, mushroom-shaped glands coat calyxes, stems and leaves. This resin (or kief when dried) houses the cannabis terpenes and cannabinoids such as THC and CBD. The basis of hash production depends on these trichomes and their sugarlike resin.

Types of Strains

Cannabis is a genus of plants in the Cannabaceae family. Three species are recognized: Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Ruderalis.

The main two plant varieties found in the recreational and medical cannabis industry are Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica. Hybrid strains contain a mix of Sativa and Indica genetics and, depending on their makeup, can take on characteristics from both strains.

Indica

“Indica” dominant strains produce broad-leaf plants, with a shorter flowering cycle and are better suited to growing in cooler climates with a shorter season. Indica varieties generally exhibit relaxing effects. Think: Indica = In-da-couch.
Sleepy / Mellow / Calm
Night Use

Hybrid

Hybrid refers to plants that possess the genetics of both Sativa and Indica strains. Its characteristics can vary depending on the mix of the genetic features.
Indica & Sativa Qualities
Night /Day use

Sativa

“Sativa” dominant cultivars are tall, narrow-leaf varieties of cannabis, thought to induce energizing effects. It has a longer flowering cycle and is better suited to growing in warmer climates with a more extended season. Think Sunny Sativa!
Stimulating / Sociable / Cheerful
Day Use

Properties

The cannabis plant is one of the most pharmacologically active plants on the planet. Cannabis works by binding to receptors throughout the body’s endocannabinoid system. The unique, active components of cannabis are called cannabinoids, and when consumed, these compounds produce an array of symptoms, both physical and mental. Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are two natural compounds found in cannabis, with similar molecular structures, yet varying effects on the mind and body. The unique, active components of cannabinoids also work alongside aggressive chemicals called terpenoids, known for their aromatic qualities and flavonoids, which are antioxidants.

Understanding cannabinoids and terpenes can help consumers make better-educated decisions when choosing cannabis.

Common Cannabinoids

CBD

Cannabidiol (CBD) is the second most abundant cannabinoid produced by cannabis and often revered for its non-intoxicating effects. CBD does not directly stimulate CB1 and CB2 receptors in the same way THC does. That means it doesn’t produce the “high” associated with THC. Any cultivar with more than four percent CBD is generally considered a high-CBD strain. It’s available in gels, gummies, oils, supplements, extracts, dried flowers and more.

Non-pyschoactive
Mood Boost
Soothing

THC

Delta-0 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the primary psychoactive cannabinoid present in cannabis that produces the “high” sensation commonly associated with the plant. THC binds with the cannabinoid 1 (CB1) receptors in the brain. It can be consumed by smoking and vaping. It’s also available in oils, edibles, tinctures, capsules, and more.

Pyschoactive
Appetite
Euphoric

Terpenes

Active chemicals, called terpenoids, are known for their aromatic qualities. Terpenes are the essential oils of cannabis, producing a plethora of scents, flavour profiles and effects in different strains.

Other Cannabinoids at a Glance

Over 100 different cannabinoids have been discovered in cannabis. One lesser-known cannabinoid is CBN (cannabinol), a non-intoxicating compound, found in elevated amounts after cannabis has aged and THC degrades. CBG, CBC, THCA and THCV are a few others to note. Cannabis and legalization in Canada are paving the way for more research and a better understanding of this complex plant.

Six Common Cannabis Terpenes

Pinene

The most abundant terpene in nature.

Aroma: Pine

Common Effects: Grounding, alertness, may counteract some THC effects.

Also Found In: Pine needles, basil, dill, parsley, rosemary

Cannabis Strains with elevated Pinene Potential: Jack Herer, White Widow, Blue Dream

Vaporizes At: 311ºF (155ºC)

Linalool

Conveys a floral aroma, often compared to lavender.

Aroma: Floral

Common Effects: Relaxation

Also Found In: Lavender, citrus, birch

Cannabis Strains with elevated Pinene Potential: Purple Kush, Amnesia Haze

Vaporizes At: 388ºF (198ºC)

Myrcene

Generally found in Indica dominant strains of cannabis.

Aroma: Musky, Earthy

Common Effects: Mellow, often associated with the “couch-lock” effect.

Also Found In: Mangos, Lemongrass, Thyme

Cannabis Strains with elevated Pinene Potential: White Widow, Purple Kush, Blue Dream

Vaporizes At: 332ºF (167ºC)

Limonene

Used in everything from food flavouring to cleaning products.

Aroma: Citrus

Common Effects: Uplifting

Also Found In: Fruit rinds, peppermint, rosemary

Cannabis Strains with elevated Pinene Potential: Durban Poison, Lemon Haze, Sour Diesel

Vaporizes At: 348ºF (176ºC)

Beta-Caryophyllene

Targets CB2 receptors only. This terpene does not produce any psychoactive effects, unlike the THC.

Aroma: Pepper, Spicy

Common Effects: No known effects

Also Found In: Black Pepper, cloves

Cannabis Strains with elevated Pinene Potential: OG Kush, Sour Diesel, Girl Scout Cookies

Vaporizes At: 266ºF (130ºC)

Humulene

An isomer of caryophyllene, meaning that they share the same chemical formula, but differ in structure.

Aroma: Hops, Earthy

Common Effects: Relaxing

Also Found In: Hops, Cloves, Coriander

Cannabis Strains with elevated Pinene Potential: OG Kush, Sour Diesel, White Widow

Vaporizes At: 222ºF (106ºC)

Ways to Consume

There is more than one way to experience and enjoy cannabis products.

Flower

There are two main inhalation methods: smoking and vaporization. Cannabis tokers have a wide array of devices available to smoke or vape cannabis flower.

Vape
Joint
Pipe
Bong

Oil Extracts

Cannabis oils contain the same active ingredients as the flower. Commercially-produced oils, contain well-controlled CBD and THC, making it easy to calculate doses. Some products may contain terpene profiles too. Oils can be ingested orally, added to tinctures, used in baked goods or added to topicals.

Capsules
Tinctures
Topicals
Baking

Concentrates

Cannabis concentrates are products made from the plant that have been processed to keep only the most desirable plant compounds (primarily the cannabinoids and terpenes). Ounce for ounce, cannabis concentrates have are generally more potent than dried cannabis flowers.

HASH

Also known as hashish, it’s made by eliminating plant material and collecting the trichomes from the flower tops of female plants. The THC content varies from 20 to 60%. Traditionally, hash has been consumed orally, either as a solid or infused into a beverage. Some hashish has the ability to be melted by vaporizing on a hot surface. This is known as “dabbing.”

Dabbing
Vape
ROSIN

Rosin refers to an extraction process that utilizes a combination of heat and pressure to squeeze resinous sap from the original material. With cannabis, this is incredibly versatile in that it can either be used with flowers or to clean up hash into a full-melt hash oil. This process does not use solvents unlike “shatter.”

Dabbing
Vape
SHATTER

“Shatter” is usually made by using butane as the solvent, and its more technical name is Butane Hash Oil, or BHO, for short. Another popular type of solvent extract is CO2 oil, used in most vape pen cartridges. In the case of cannabis concentrates, other types of solvents, like alcohol or propane can be used to extract cannabinoids.

Dabbing
Vape
DISTILLATE

It’s the purest cannabis concentrate available. Distilled cannabis has the highest THC content of any available concentrate. Not only do distillates’ high THC content level require small doses to experience its effects, its nose-discreet characteristics, as in being odourless, makes it ideal to consume publicly.

Beverage & Confectionary
Vape

FAQ’s

We’re here to help make your experience informative and enjoyable. You may find the answer to many of your questions below.

As per federal regulations, Corner Cannabis receives all its cannabis products in sealed packaging from the licensed producers, via Health Canada and the OCS. Retailers have no way of providing quality assurance of the received product. If you have a product or quality concern, we suggest contacting the licensed producer and the OCS directly. Corner Cannabis does not accept any returns or exchanges on cannabis products.

Who is eligible to buy cannabis?

You can be a citizen of any country or province to purchase cannabis, but you must be of legal age in that respective province. Ontario’s legal age is 19 and Corner Cannabis employees will ID everyone who appears younger than 40. Consider it a compliment!

What do I need to purchase cannabis?

Valid, government-issued identification is required. This document must contain a picture, date of birth and expiration date.

Can I bring my kids in the store when making a purchase?

No, minors are not legally permitted in any retail cannabis store.

Can I purchase edibles and concentrates?

Cannabis 2.0 took effect on October 17, 2019, legalizing cannabis concentrates and edibles. Canadian Licenced Producers were able to apply for an additional licence to manufacture and sell this category of products. Consumers should expect a staggered integration of these products by early 2020.

What kind of products will I find at Corner Cannabis?

Dried cannabis flower, pre-rolls, ingestible oil (CBD, THC and blends) and cannabis accessories are available in our store.

Will you have issues with supply?

OCS is working with licensed producers to ensure cannabis supply meets retailer and consumer needs.

How much cannabis can I purchase/possess?

You can purchase up to 30 grams of cannabis per visit.

Can I light up my purchase at a Corner Cannabis location?

No, you cannot consume cannabis in or around any licensed cannabis retail store.

Can I open my purchased cannabis package and inspect it in the store before leaving?

No, it is not permitted to open cannabis products while on the premises.

Will you have security onsite?

Security features are in place, without compromising the community and educational experience Corner Cannabis values.

If I do not like the quality of my product, what should I do?

As per federal regulations, Corner Cannabis receives all its cannabis products in sealed packaging from the licensed producers, via Health Canada and the OCS. Retailers have no way of providing quality assurance of the received product.

If you have a concern, we suggest contacting the licensed producer and OCS directly. Corner Cannabis does not accept any returns or exchanges on cannabis products. We value your feedback as this helps us make better-informed decisions about which licensed producers are providing quality products. Feel free to contact us, or fill out our Strain Review Form with detailed information about the product and your experience. We use this feedback to help inform our sourcing and business decisions in order to provide you with the the best possible experience.